Certificate of Registrations







Journal, Publications & Write-Ups




Summary & Principles


During a viral pandemic, when the transport of virus samples from various collection sites to testing laboratories is required, that is when large number of samples quickly overwhelms laboratory staff, virus inactivation at the point of collection is critical in reducing the biohazard risk from accidental samples leakage during transit and samples processing.

The use of an alcohol-based collection medium for virus sample has the added advantage of rapidly rendering clinical sample non-infectious, resulting in reduced risk to couriers and laboratory staff from exposing to the biohazard from accidental sample leakage or laboratory manipulation.

Virus inactivation at the point of collection is critical for safety reasons, and the use of an alchohol-based medium would provide safe sample collection and transportation, as alcohol is widely use as disinfectant to inactive viruses and bacteria, which has been well documented on its effectiveness on enveloped viruses. 1,2,3


1. Jeong, E.K ., J.E . Bae, and I.S . Kim. 2010. Inactivation of influenza A virus H1N1 by disinfection process. Am.J. Infect. Contro l 38:354- 360.
2. Kampf, G., J. Stein mann, and H. Rabenau. 2007. Suitable of vaccinia virus and bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) for determining activities of three commonly -used alcohol-based hand rubs again st enveloped viruses. BMC Infect. Dis .7 -5.
3. Steinmann, J., et al. 2010. Virucidal activity of 2 alcohol-based formulations pro posed as hand rubs by the World Health Organisation. Am.J. Infect. Control. 38L66- 68.